Ukraine got rid of total state control on press activity
The article of the Head of the State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine Oleh Nalyvaiko is devoted to the reform results of state and public print media in Ukraine. This process, as is known, began three years ago in accordance with the Law of Ukraine. The appearance of such a law is due to the state’s international obligations towards Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
The statistical data are analyzed in terms of regions, as well as by one of periodicals typological feature — state and public. It is emphasized that if out of 662 public newspapers, 507 are reformed (80 percent of those that were published), than out of 98 state newspapers and magazines, 27 are no longer under state’s regulatory protection (this is only 33 percent).
Among the weaknesses that did not allow to effectively and fully implement extremely important reform, the author names the following: a number of “white spots” in the holistic legislative mechanism for the implementation of declared intentions at the governmental level; deliberate inhibition of this process by a number of print media founders; not the willingness of the editorial boards themselves to take the initiative and responsibility to work in new conditions, their hope for financial support from the central or local budget.
The article states that the completion of mass media denationalization process in the legal time-limits means that from January 1 of this year financing from the authorities and local self-government bodies was stopped to those editorial boards that for any reason have missed the deadlines. However, the Law provides opportunity for local media to obtain financial assistance under certain conditions: preservation of publication name, language and thematic focus.
It is emphasized on the importance of journalists’ qualifications improving and the special mission assigned in this case to the reformed Ukrainian Institute of Advanced Training for TV & Radio Broadcast and the Press experts.
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Copyright (c) 2019 Oleh Nalyvaiko
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